Macular Degeneration

AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) is an aging process that affects the central area of the retina called the macula. There are 2 types of Macular Degeneration:

Dry ARMD: Gradual damage to the individual cells in the macula. About 20% of patients with dry macular degeneration eventually develop Wet ARMD

Wet ARMD: Blood vessels grow into the macula where they do not belong. The new vessels can leak into the macula and cause a rapid decrease in vision within days or weeks. Eventually, a permanent scar in the macula can form resulting in severe permanent vision loss.

SYMPTOMS OF MACULAR DEGENERATION

A small amount of macular degeneration is commonly seen in patients over 70. It is often mild but can increase with the aging process. Symptoms of Macular Degeneration can include:

Decrease in central vision while peripheral vision remains unchanged

Blind spot in central vision

Straight lines may appear bent or distorted

TREATMENT FOR MACULAR DEGENERATION

Medical treatment can significantly slow down the progression of macular degeneration.

A combination of antioxidant vitamins at specific doctor-recommended levels and dosages has been proven to significantly decrease the progression of dry ARMD and the chances of developing wet ARMD.

  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Zinc
  • Lutein
  • Zeaxanthin

WHAT IS THE AMSLER GRID?

The Amsler Grid is a critical tool for recognizing wet ARMD quickly. As vessels invade the macula, straight lines may appear bent and distorted. Dr. Lipstock may ask you to look at an Amsler grid each day to track your vision and check for distortions of straight lines

  • The Amsler grid has a series of vertical and horizontal straight lines that form a grid of small boxes on a sheet of paper
  • Each eye should be tested separately with the Amsler grid for a few seconds each day
  • If distortion is detected, notify your doctor as soon as possible.

If caught early, medical treatments can stop early abnormal vessel growth before a significant macular scar forms. If you are experiencing any vision changes, contact us today to schedule your eye exam.

To learn more, schedule an appointment with Lipstock LASIK & Cataract Center now!