What are Cataracts?

You do not have to be a senior citizen to have cataracts; cataracts eventually affect everyone. They are the result of the eye’s lenses becoming tinted, hazy, and cloudy as we age past 40; although usually at this stage they are not serious enough to have a significant effect on your vision.

As cataracts progress, the symptoms become more noticeable with common complaints of dull colors, glare, and problems with night vision. Cataracts will gradually limit the ability to perform simple and basic tasks such as reading, driving, seeing road signs, and even exercising.

How does a cataract occur?

The natural lens of the eye is made mostly of water and protein. In a healthy, young eye, the protein is normally clear and permits light to pass through. As we age, the protein can clump, discolor, and begin to cloud the lens, forming a cataract.

Studies show cataracts affect:

  • 42% of people between the ages of 52 to 64,
  • 60% of people between the ages of 65 to 74, and
  • 91% of people between the ages of 75 to 85.

What are the symptoms of a cataract?

  • Blurred or cloudy vision
  • Colors appear faded or dull
  • Lamps such as headlights or streetlights may have glare or halos; sunlight or fluorescent lights may appear too bright
  • Poor night vision
  • Double or multiple vision in one eye
  • Frequent prescription changes in your eyeglasses or contact lenses

Important Note: These symptoms can indicate other eye problems that may also result in blindness if left untreated. If you have any of these symptoms, please make an appointment with Dr. Lipstock for a complete eye examination.